2015년 4월 10일 금요일

WiringPi on ODROID-C1(Android)

WiringPi on ODROID-C1(Android)



ODROID-C1 Ubuntu에서 Raspberry Pi에서 사용되는 WiringPi를 사용할 수 있도록 porting 하였습니다.

http://odroid.com/dokuwiki/doku.php?id=en:c1_tinkering

wiringPi를 사용한 example-led 예제를 Android 에서도 사용할 수 있도록 작업을 해 보았습니다.

먼저 소스를 다운 받습니다.

git clone https://github.com/codewalkerster/example-led

다운 받은 소스를 eclipse에서 import 시킵니다.


그리고 NDK를 이용하여 wiringPi를 build합니다.

$ cd example-led/jni
$ ndk-build
Android NDK: WARNING: APP_PLATFORM android-16 is larger than android:minSdkVersion 7 in /media/codewalker/92fc070a-3bc1-43e0-af27-03d08ba9dd3e/home/codewalker/workspace/xxxx/example-led/AndroidManifest.xml  
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= wiringPi.c
/media/codewalker/92fc070a-3bc1-43e0-af27-03d08ba9dd3e/home/codewalker/workspace/xxxx/example-led/jni/wiringPi/wiringPi.c:147:0: warning: "PAGE_SIZE" redefined [enabled by default]
 #define PAGE_SIZE   (4*1024)
 ^
In file included from /home/codewalker/projects/android-ndk-r10d/platforms/android-21/arch-arm/usr/include/signal.h:34:0,
                 from /home/codewalker/projects/android-ndk-r10d/platforms/android-21/arch-arm/usr/include/poll.h:34,
                 from /media/codewalker/92fc070a-3bc1-43e0-af27-03d08ba9dd3e/home/codewalker/workspace/xxxx/example-led/jni/wiringPi/wiringPi.c:59:
/home/codewalker/projects/android-ndk-r10d/platforms/android-21/arch-arm/usr/include/limits.h:119:0: note: this is the location of the previous definition
 #define PAGE_SIZE 4096
 ^
/media/codewalker/92fc070a-3bc1-43e0-af27-03d08ba9dd3e/home/codewalker/workspace/xxxx/example-led/jni/wiringPi/wiringPi.c: In function 'interruptHandler':
/media/codewalker/92fc070a-3bc1-43e0-af27-03d08ba9dd3e/home/codewalker/workspace/xxxx/example-led/jni/wiringPi/wiringPi.c:1865:7: warning: return makes pointer from integer without a cast [enabled by default]
       return wiringPiFailure (WPI_FATAL, "wiringPiISR: wiringPi has not been initialised. Unable to continue.\n") ;
       ^
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= wiringShift.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= piHiPri.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= piThread.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= wiringPiSPI.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= wiringPiI2C.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= softPwm.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= softTone.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= mcp23008.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= mcp23016.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= mcp23017.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= mcp23s08.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= mcp23s17.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= sr595.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= pcf8574.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= pcf8591.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= mcp3002.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= mcp3004.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= mcp4802.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= mcp3422.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= max31855.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= max5322.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPi <= sn3218.c
[armeabi] SharedLibrary  : libwiringPi.so
[armeabi] Install        : libwiringPi.so => libs/armeabi/libwiringPi.so
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPiDev <= ds1302.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPiDev <= maxdetect.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPiDev <= piNes.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPiDev <= gertboard.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPiDev <= piFace.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPiDev <= lcd128x64.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPiDev <= lcd.c
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wiringPiDev <= piGlow.c
[armeabi] SharedLibrary  : libwiringPiDev.so
[armeabi] Install        : libwiringPiDev.so => libs/armeabi/libwiringPiDev.so
[armeabi] Compile thumb  : wpi_android <= wpi_android.c
[armeabi] SharedLibrary  : libwpi_android.so
[armeabi] Install        : libwpi_android.so => libs/armeabi/libwpi_android.so 



jni/Android.mk 에 libwingPi.so와 libwingPiDev.so 빌드하도록 추가 하였습니다.

include $(CLEAR_VARS)
LOCAL_C_INCLUDES += \
    $(NDK_PATH)/platforms/android-21/arch-arm/usr/include \
    $(LOCAL_PATH)/wiringPi

LOCAL_MODULE    := wiringPi
LOCAL_SRC_FILES := \
    wiringPi/wiringPi.c \
    wiringPi/wiringShift.c \
    wiringPi/piHiPri.c \
    wiringPi/piThread.c \
    wiringPi/wiringPiSPI.c \
    wiringPi/wiringPiI2C.c \
    wiringPi/softPwm.c \
    wiringPi/softTone.c \
    wiringPi/mcp23008.c \
    wiringPi/mcp23016.c \
    wiringPi/mcp23017.c \
    wiringPi/mcp23s08.c \
    wiringPi/mcp23s17.c \
    wiringPi/sr595.c \
    wiringPi/pcf8574.c \
    wiringPi/pcf8591.c \
    wiringPi/mcp3002.c \
    wiringPi/mcp3004.c \
    wiringPi/mcp4802.c \
    wiringPi/mcp3422.c \
    wiringPi/max31855.c \
    wiringPi/max5322.c \
    wiringPi/sn3218.c

LOCAL_CFLAGS    += -UNDEBUG -DANDROID

LOCAL_LDLIBS    := -ldl -llog
include $(BUILD_SHARED_LIBRARY)


include $(CLEAR_VARS)
LOCAL_C_INCLUDES += \
    $(NDK_PATH)/platforms/android-21/arch-arm/usr/include \
    $(LOCAL_PATH)/wiringPi

LOCAL_MODULE    := wiringPiDev
LOCAL_SRC_FILES := \
    devLib/ds1302.c \
    devLib/maxdetect.c \
    devLib/piNes.c \
    devLib/gertboard.c \
    devLib/piFace.c \
    devLib/lcd128x64.c \
    devLib/lcd.c \
    devLib/piGlow.c

LOCAL_SHARED_LIBRARIES := libwiringPi

LOCAL_CFLAGS    += -UNDEBUG
include $(BUILD_SHARED_LIBRARY)

그리고 wirinPi에서 사용해야 하는 function을 jni 형식으로 만듭니다.

jint Java_com_hardkernel_wiringpi_MainActivity_analogRead(JNIEnv* env, jobject obj, jint port) {
    return analogRead(port);
}

void Java_com_hardkernel_wiringpi_MainActivity_digitalWrite(JNIEnv* env, jobject obj, jint port, jint onoff) {
    digitalWrite(port, onoff);
}

int Java_com_hardkernel_wiringpi_MainActivity_wiringPiSetupSys(JNIEnv* env, jobject obj) {
    wiringPiSetupSys();
    return 0;
}

사용한 GPIO를 선언합니다.

    private final int ledPorts[] = {
        97, // GPIOX.BIT0(#97)
        108, // GPIOX.BIT11(#108)
        100, // GPIOX.BIT3(#100)
        101, // GPIOX.BIT4(#101)
        105, // GPIOX.BIT8(#105)
        106, // GPIOX.BIT9(#106)
        107, // GPIOX.BIT10(#107)
        115,  // GPIOX.BIT18(#115)
        116,  // GPIOX.BIT19(#116)
        88,  // GPIOY.BIT8(#88)
        83,  // GPIOY.BIT3(#83)
        87,  // GPIOY.BIT7(#87)
        104,  // GPIOX.BIT7(#104)
        102,  // GPIOX.BIT5(#102)
        103,  // GPIOX.BIT6(#103)
        117, // GPIOX.BIT20(#117)
        99, // GPIOX.BIT2(#99)
        118, // GPIOX.BIT21(#118)
        98, // GPIOX.BIT1(#98)
    };

MainActivity에 jni function들을 선언합니다.

    public native int wiringPiSetupSys();
    public native int analogRead(int port);
    public native void digitalWrite(int port, int onoff);

    static {
        System.loadLibrary("wpi_android");
    }

/sys/class/gpio/export를 이용하여 GPIO sysfs 노드를 만듭니다.
sysfs 방식은 pinMode()를 사용할 수 없기 때문에 directionout으로 설정 합니다.
그리고 value, direction의 접근 권한을 바꿉니다.

    boolean exportGPIO() {
        try {
            DataOutputStream os = new DataOutputStream(mProcess.getOutputStream());
            for (int port: ledPorts) {
                os.writeBytes("echo " +  port + " > /sys/class/gpio/export\n");
                os.writeBytes("chmod 666 /sys/class/gpio/gpio" + port + "/direction\n");
                os.writeBytes("echo out > /sys/class/gpio/gpio" + port + "/direction\n");
                os.writeBytes("chmod 666 /sys/class/gpio/gpio" + port + "/value\n");
            }
            os.flush();
        } catch (IOException e1) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e1.printStackTrace();
            return false;
        }

        return true;
    }

wiringPi의 "/dev/mem"을 open 하여 mmap을 사용하는 방식으로 만들려고 하였으니 "/dev/mem"은 root가 아니면 접근을 제한하도록 되어 있어서 불가능합니다.
jni의 library에는 root 권한을 줄 방법이 없습니다.

그래서 wiringPiSetupSys()를 호출 하여 wiringPi library를 초기화 합니다.


주기적으로 update()를 호출 하도록 만들고 UI와 LED를 control 합니다.

    public void update() {
        int i = 0;
        int adcValue = 0;
        int ledPos = 0;
        if ((adcValue = analogRead (PORT_ADC1)) > 0) {
            ledPos = (adcValue * ledPorts.length * 1000) / 1024;
            ledPos = (ledPorts.length - (ledPos / 1000));
            mADC.setProgress(adcValue);
        } else
            ledPos = 0;

        for (i = 0; i < ledPorts.length; i++) {
            digitalWrite (ledPorts[i], 0);
            mLeds.get(i).setChecked(false);
        }

        for (i = 0; i < ledPos; i++) {
            digitalWrite (ledPorts[i], 1);
            mLeds.get(i).setChecked(true);
        }

        if (!mStop)
            handler.postDelayed(runnable, 100);
    }


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